Cardiff
 
Cardiff is the city in the south-west of the United Kingdom and the capital of Wales. It is a large industrial center that is famous for its rich history and wonderful Welsh atmosphere. Cardiff is a city of industrial enterprises and parks, a magnificent ancient castle and museums. It is a great starting point for traveling to Wales and exploring its beauties.

Cardiff is easily accessible by train from London and other major cities in Britain. It is known for its huge concentration of bars and pubs. Most are in Mary Street, Greyfriars Road and Mill Lane, as well as Mermaid Quay.

Cardiff is located on the south coast of Wales and is washed by the waters of Bristol Bay. Three rivers flow through the city: Taff, Eli and Rimney. Cardiff has a temperate marine climate with cool summers and winters.
History
In the 1st century BC. there was a settlement of the Silurian tribe. In the 1st century AD during the reign of Emperor Vespasian, a Roman fort was built here which after a century was rebuilt to house a military garrison. In the 3rd century this fortified camp was rebuilt into a fortress the remains of which are still visible. After the collapse of the Roman Empire the fortress was abandoned. Very little is known about Cardiff during the early Middle Ages. In the 11th century began the construction of a Norman castle on the ruins of an ancient Roman fort. Interestingly the city originally belonged to the English crown. In the early 15th century during the uprising of Glindur the castle and the city were virtually destroyed.

In the 17th - 18th centuries the city developed as a large industrial center and seaport. In 1905 Cardiff received city status. In 1955 the city was declared the capital of Wales.
Notable sights
Cardiff Castle is a large medieval fortress that is a symbol of the city. The foundation of this ancient building is the ancient Roman fort. The castle was founded in the late 11th century by the Normans. It houses the artifacts of 2000 years of Welsh history

Cardiff Bay is one of the most symbolic places in the capital of Wales which played a decisive role in the city's development during the Industrial Revolution. Now the old docks in the past of one of the largest British ports have been converted into cultural sites.

The most interesting buildings:

Pierhead is one of the most beautiful historic buildings of Cardiff, built in the late 19th century in the French Renaissance style. Now there is a historical museum.

Millennium Stadium is one of Britain's largest stadiums, built in 1999 for the Rugby World Cup. Also used for football matches.

The Millennium Center of Wales is an outstanding example of contemporary architecture and a renowned theater site opened in 2004.

Senedd National Assembly is the seat of the Welsh Parliament.

Norwegian Church - a wooden church near Senedd, built for Norwegian sailors.

The Town Hall is a large building dating from the early 20th century made of white stone decorated with many statues and decorative elements

Church of St. John the Baptist is the only medieval church in downtown Cardiff. This beautiful Gothic building with a tall tower was founded in the 15th century.

Llandoff is an ancient cathedral located in the northwestern part of the city. The church dates back to 1107 and is remarkable for its amazing Gothic architecture. It is one of the oldest religious buildings in the UK.

Castell Koch (from the Welsh "red castle") is a magnificent medieval castle located on the outskirts of Wales.
From the South Gate of Cardiff Castle begins the main city street of Cardiff. First it had the name High Street then St. Mary Street. This is a busy street with lots of pretty houses.

Tuff River flows into Cardiff Bay and in this place in the so-called
Mermaid Bay is the second center of Cardiff.

This is a huge entertaining and walking area stretching for 12 km along the shore of the bay with a large number of bars, an amusement park, a Ferris wheel and many ultramodern buildings. The castle is surrounded by buildings mainly of the 19-20 centuries and the avant-garde architecture of the 21st is widely represented here.

The first thing a person arriving at the coast sees is the Wales Millennium Center - an original structure that resembles a huge boulder of dark stone. It is the main theater and exhibition hall of Cardiff.

Windows on its facade made in the form of letters aand folded into words. An inscription in Welsh flaunts on the left side of the facade: lines from poems by the Welsh poetess Gwyneth Lewis "Create truth like glass from an oven of inspiration."
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