Cologne (Ger.  Köln) - the fourth largest city in Germany and one of the most important religious and tourist centers. Located on the Rhine River in western Germany. Its area is more than 400 square kilometers and the population is one million inhabitants. Cologne is associated above all with the historic cathedral which is the residence of Archbishop Cologne. The city is crossed by the Rhine River which divides it into two halves. In each part are divided into separate urban districts 86 in total.

During your stay in Cologne you can get acquainted not only with the historical architecture but also visit the magnificent museums. There are many art galleries which present contemporary works of art as well as paintings by famous masters of the past. Lovers of sweets in turn will certainly visit the wonderful Museum of Chocolate which presents a long and interesting history of this delicacy.

Cologne is one of the largest industrial cities in Germany. This is where Ford cars, the best engines, rail cars, cosmetics, electronics, and of course beer are popular around the world. In Cologne the largest concentration of breweries in one place producing beer is one of a kind. We add that the brewing tradition in this city dates back to the IX century. Undoubtedly it is worth visiting Germany to visit this city which however is crowded all year long.

The city has a lot of activities such as a walk in the garden a zoo or near a huge aquarium. Specific local traditions include the annual organization of the carnival and the summer fireworks on the Rhine. Carnival is an annual tradition. Don't miss out on the fun for the little ones: a zoo or an aquarium. This city is the largest indoor stadium in Germany where the main sports events are held. It is worth remembering that one of the attractions of Cologne is the possibility of organizing a trip by electric line over the Rhine.

When it comes to excursions to Cologne they are organized by travel agencies. Most often this city is one of the places of great mobile excursions. You can contact any tourist office of the city for excursions to Cologne sights.
History
Cologne founded in 16 AD. Cologne (then-Ara Ubiorum) in 50  was raised to the rank of Agrippina, the wife of Emperor Claudius. In the Middle Ages, the number of cult buildings increased, and Cologne became equal to Jerusalem (at least that was said at the time). In 1248 the cathedral was laid, but its construction was completed only in 1880. In 1388 a university was founded in the city. Cologne was the first city with a democratic constitution and kept out of all turmoil. However, in 1794 French troops entered the city, and after 1815 he moved to Prussia. In 1945, the city was destroyed by 80 percent, but the residents lovingly restored it literally "from the ashes." An interesting historical fact is that this magnificent city was bombed during World War II 262 times, which is a kind of anti-record, the longest bombardment lasted 75 minutes, with 1046 bombers. It is hardly surprising that after the war the reconstruction lasted until the end of the XX century. The Cologne coat of arms depicts three crowns and eleven flames. The crowns symbolize the three magicians who rest in the cathedral. The flames symbolize the killing of eleven thousand Ursula girls.
Notable sights
Cologne is associated above all with its magnificent Gothic Cathedral of St. Peter and the Virgin Mary. Work on the temple began in 632 and continued until 1880. Because of this the medieval church also has modern elements such as for example two giant towers built in the 19th century. The interior of the cathedral contains pearls of European art, such as the statue of Madonna Milan. Many Romanesque churches have also been preserved in Cologne such as St. Panteleimon's Church which houses the tombstone of Empress Theophanes the wife of Otto II.

Ancient Cathedral of St. Peter and the Blessed Virgin Mary which holds valuable relics of the Christian faith as well as medieval art is of interest to tourists and explorers. The Relic of the Three Magi, the Crucifixion of Heron, the Madonna of Milan will not leave indifferent. The queen's dust also rests here. There are many attractions in Cologne. There are eight Romanesque churches, five Gothic churches. Other legendary places of Cologne include the secular buildings such as the Gothic-Renaissance Town Hall built at the turn of the XV and XVI centuries. A very interesting site is also a medieval dance house.

Also famous is the Hohenzollern Bridge - it is one of Cologne's business cards. Steel arch railway over the Rhine built in 1911. It is one of the most important railway junctions in Europe with over 1000 trains per day!
Hotels
In Cologne there is a hotel for every taste: expensive and budget hotels, cozy hotels for unpretentious tourists and concept hotels for experienced travelers. Many are open in historic buildings and invite guests to fully immerse themselves in the atmosphere of the ancient city. At times the fantasy of local hoteliers literally strikes the imagination: you can settle even in the building of the former water tower (Hotel Wasserturm) or within the walls of an ancient monastery (Hotel Hopper St. Antonius). Even Cologne hostels are not entirely ordinary: for example Wohngemeinschaft's design rooms include a spacecraft-style room.

The cost of accommodation in hostels - from 16 EUR, accommodation in a three-star hotel will cost from 45 EUR per day. Hotel rooms 4 * - from 60 EUR per night luxury five-star hotels are available for 210 EUR per day.
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Cologne