Groningen
 
Groningen is the largest city in the northern part of the Netherlands and the capital of the Dutch north. This city with a rich history founded more than a thousand years ago is much older than Amsterdam . Despite this Groningen is a vibrant university town with a rather dynamic life. In the 13th century it was one of the centers of Dutch trade and the local dialect formed the basis of modern Dutch.

Groningen is located in the north of the Netherlands at the northernmost point of Hondsrug. The climate is temperate but slightly colder than in other parts of the Netherlands. Winter is quite mild. In the cold season the prevailing northwest winds prevail. Eastern winds usually bring frost. Summer in Groningen is warm and a bit rainy. About 800 mm of precipitation falls annually.

Traditional local cuisine is eierbal - a ball of meat with an egg inside. Another traditional dish is the groninger koek - anise and ginger cake. In the center of Groningen there are many good small cafes or restaurants where you can eat and spend 10-12 euros cheaply.
History
The first written mention of the city dates back to 1040. By the 13th century Groningen had become one of the largest trading cities in the Netherlands. Around this time,city walls were built. Groningen achieved its greatest prosperity and influence in the 15th century when it was under the influence of the province of Friesland. It lost its independence after the Eighty Years War

In 1614 a university was founded here. In the 17th century, the city received new walls and fortifications. Although Groningen was not badly damaged during World War II Market Square suffered during the battle for the city.
Notable sights
The Martini Tower is Groningen's main attraction and pride. Built over 500 years ago this nearly 100-meter tower is one of the tallest in the Netherlands. The bell carillon installed on it is one of the most beautiful and melodic in Europe. The church of the same name is the largest in Groningen. It was founded in the 13th century. Inside you can see the ancient frescoes and one of the largest baroque organs of North-Western Europe.

Der Aa Church is an ancient church founded in the 13th century. Located on Wismarck Square.

On the street Folkingestraat is a synagogue that was the center of the
Jewish Quarter. The main city museum is located opposite the central station.

Prinsenhof is one of the best examples of the Renaissance Garden in the Netherlands, located in the historic center. It was originally owned by the monastery.

Groningen was an important trading city so here in the historic center near the canals are preserved many old warehouses which are now used as residential buildings.
How to visit
Groningen Airport is located 15 km from its historic center. There are flights to Gdansk , resorts in Spain and Turkey, Innsbruck , Salzburg and other cities. From the airport to the city center you can get on bus 2 which departs every half an hour. Fare is 5 euros
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The train connection is with Amsterdam, Utrecht . It is possible to get to Bremen , Hamburg and Hanover with a change . In addition there are direct bus services to Bremen, Oldenburg and some other cities.
General information
Population - 200.7 thousand people.

Area - 83,7 km2

The language is Dutch

Currency is Euro.

Time is Central European UTC + 1, summer + 2.

We recommend a walk through the Groningen canals.

Main Shopping Street - Herestraat is pedestrianized and "south" of Market Square.

Many shops and cafes are located on the streets: Oosterstraat, A-kerkhof / Brugstraat, Folkingestraat, Stoeldraaierstraat / Oude Kijk and Jatstraat.
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