Nessebar
 
Nessebar is an ancient city in southeastern Bulgaria on the Black Sea coast. It is located north of Bourgas and is considered the cultural treasure of the country. Nessebar is one of the most beautiful Bulgarian cities which has a centuries-old history and has preserved architectural monuments of all periods of its millennial existence. Here are the remains of Roman and medieval walls, many ancient Byzantine and Bulgarian churches as well as old houses in the style of Bulgarian national revival.

Nessebar is located in the southeastern part of Bulgaria in Burgas region. The city has a subtropical climate with warm summers and cool winters.
General information
Notable sights
Nessebar has a charming old town located on a small picturesque peninsula. It is a magnificent architectural ensemble that reflects the archeological and artistic influence of the Greek, Roman and Byzantine eras. The historic center of Nessebar is a combination of narrow cobbled streets where you can see early Byzantine churches, fragments of ancient walls and traditional Bulgarian houses.

The
Nessebar Archaeological Museum includes unique exhibits from the Thracians and the ancient Greeks to the medieval Bulgarian kingdom.

Since its foundation Nessebar has always been surrounded by fortress walls fragments of which have survived to this day. The first fortifications were built by the Thracians in the 8th century BC. Later in the 5th century BC the Greek colonists built new fortifications. Then the fortress walls were reinforced by the Romans and Byzantines. The fortifications of Nessebar were destroyed by the Ottomans. The ancient ruins dating mainly to the Hellenistic period include the acropolis, the temple of Apollo, the agora and fragments of Thracian and later Byzantine fortifications.

The
old windmill is one of the symbols of Nessebar. It can be assumed that this wooden structure dates back to the era of national revival of Bulgaria and was built in the period from 17 to 19 centuries.

St. Sophia's Church is an ancient Byzantine church completed in the 6th century. It is a three-nave basilica with a semicircular apse, narthex and atrium. The current structure dates from the 9th century - the period of the last reconstruction. In the 13th century, the church was looted by the Venetians and abandoned in the 18th century. Her religious relics are now stored in the Church of San Salvatore in Venice .

The Church of St. Theodore is a small one-story structure built in the 13th century. Its facade is decorated with blind arches of processed stone and brick. The space under the arches is decorated with checkered zigzag patterns made of stone blocks.

The
Church of the Holy Savior is a small 17th-century religious building known for its wall paintings.

Basilica of the Blessed Virgin Eleusus is a church on the north side of the peninsula built in the 6th century. Until the 14th century it was part of a monastery that was probably destroyed by an earthquake.

St. Stephen's Church is a medieval three-nave basilica with magnificent murals that has now been turned into a museum. The eastern part of the building is the oldest and probably dates from the 11th century. Several centuries later the church was expanded by adding a new structure to the west.

Christ Pantocrator Church is a magnificent medieval church in the style of the late Byzantine cross built in the 13th - 14th centuries with stone and brick. The most famous feature of the temple is the rich and colorful decoration of its outer walls.

Church of the Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel is a medieval church in the style of Byzantine architecture built in the 13th or 14th century. In the past this single-nave three-apse building was topped with a dome and a bell tower.

St. John the Baptist Church is a simple building made of crude stone with a dilapidated dome. It is one of the best preserved churches of Nessebar built in the 11th century
History
Nessebar is one of the oldest cities in Europe. Already in the first millennium BC here there was an ancient Thracian settlement of Mesembria. In 510 BC it became a Greek colony. The Greeks built fortifications agora, acropolis and other structures here. Much of the ancient city was destroyed by an earthquake and found itself underwater. To date only the ruins of fortified walls and towers built of hewn limestone as well as fragments of agora and several buildings have been preserved.

In the 1st century BC the city was conquered by the Roman Empire. Then Nessebar became part of Byzantium. In the 9th century the city was occupied by the Bulgarians and received its modern name. The greatest prosperity of Nessebar reached in the 13-14 century during the Second Bulgarian Kingdom. About 40 churches were built here during this period.

In the 15th century Nessebar fell under the pressure of the Ottomans. The Turks destroyed its walls as well as numerous architectural monuments. In the 18-19 centuries. In the historical center were built numerous buildings in the style of Bulgarian national revival.
Population - 10 thousand people.

The area is 31.85 km²

The language is Bulgarian.

Currency is the Bulgarian Lev.

Time is UTC + 2 in summer + 3.

Nessebar is a very safe city but persistent sellers and restaurant bouncers may cause some inconvenience.

The city has many restaurants and cafes but its tourist status has made its mark on gastronomy.

The food and service here is not always of high quality.
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