Sarajevo
 
Sarajevo is the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is a city with a long history located at the intersection of different cultures and religions at the point of splitting of the mighty Roman Empire into Western and Eastern. Sarajevo has a wonderful atmosphere of mixing the Catholic West, the Orthodox East and the Muslim South. It is a city where Catholics, Orthodox, Muslims, and Jews have coexisted for centuries shaping its rich architectural diversity and cosmopolitan character.

Sarajevo is located in the west of the Balkan Peninsula in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. The city is located in a hilly valley on the banks of the Miliacki River surrounded by the picturesque mountains of the Dinaric Highlands. It has a temperate continental climate with warm summers and cool winters.

Sarajevo is located in the intermountain basin, which adversely affects its ecological status. The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina is considered one of Europe's dirtiest cities by air quality.
History
The outskirts of Sarajevo were settled in ancient times. During the Roman Empire there was an important ancient road. In the early Middle Ages, the Miliacki River valley was populated by Serbs. In the 12th century these territories became part of the Bosnian kingdom which was conquered by the Ottomans in the 15th century.

The official date of founding of Sarajevo is 1462. In the 16th century the settlement was given the status of a city. Interestingly this century is also considered the heyday of Sarajevo. The city collapsed in the late 17th century as a result of the Ottoman wars with Austria . In the second half of the 19th century and practically before the outbreak of World War I it was occupied by Austria-Hungary.

Since 1918 the city has been the center of the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Yugoslavia. In 1992 a fierce Bosnian war broke out in Sarajevo scars that can still be seen "on the face" of the city.

Sarajevo is most famous for the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand which precipitated the First World War.
Notable sights
Sarajevo has a beautiful Old Town with ancient Ottoman architecture, narrow cobbled streets and mosques. The elder Bashcharshiya is a historical shopping district with Turkish color founded in the 15th century. During the Ottoman period this market was one of the largest on the Balkan Peninsula comprising 46 markets and approximately 12,000 retail stores.

Bashtarsija Mosque is one of the most beautiful Muslim religious buildings in Sarajevo built in the first half of the 16th century. Ali Pasha Mosque - a mosque in the classic Ottoman style built in the second half of the 16th century.

The Imperial Mosque is the oldest mosque in Sarajevo and one of the oldest in all of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was founded in the late 15th century by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror.

he Husreva Bei Gaza Mosque is a 16th-century Muslim religious building located in the center of Bashcharshia. It is an important monument of the Ottoman period.

The Covered Market is a medieval outbuilding built in 1540.

The Old Clock Tower was built by the Ottomans in the 16th century. It has the only public clock in the world that measures the lunar time.

The cathedral is a Gothic-style church built in the late 19th century. Its interior is decorated with beautiful murals.

St. Mary's Parish Church is Sarajevo's largest Orthodox church built neo-baroque in 1874.

The Franciscan Church is the only Catholic church in Sarajevo dating from 1882.

The Latin bridge was first mentioned in 1541. The present building dates from 1798. The original bridge was destroyed by flood.

The old church The Old Church is one of the oldest Christian churches in Sarajevo, built in the late 18th century. 

Town Hall Township Vojnice is a beautiful administrative building of the late 19th century built in the Austrian period.

White Fortress - Ottoman fortification building on top of a hill with fantastic views of Sarajevo. The oldest parts of the fortress date from the 14th - 15th centuries.

Yellow fortress The Yellow Fortress is a defensive structure built in 1729.

Sheher-Shekhaya Bridge is a stone bridge over the Miliacki River built in the 19th century.
How to visit
Sarajevo has an international airport with the following destinations: Ljubljana , Vienna, Zagreb, Cologne, Belgrade , Munich, Oslo, Stockholm . By bus to the capital of Serbia and Montenegro, you can reach Podgorica, Budva, Split , Graz, Vienna, Pristina, Belgrade, Novi Sad.
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