Šibenik (Croatian. Šibenik , Italian. Sebenico )  is a town in the southwestern part of Croatia in the north of the historical region of Dalmatia. Located in the center of the Croatian Adriatic at the mouth of the Krka River. Sibenik is an ancient city with a thousand years of history and one of the largest and best preserved authentic medieval historical centers with charming narrow streets and ancient architecture. Its main attraction is the magnificent Cathedral of St. Jacob in Renaissance style which in 2000 is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Also in the old town of Sibenik are many beautiful old churches, palaces and several fortresses. In addition the inventor of the parachute Faust Vrancic was born and lived here.

Sibenik is located in the north of Dalmatia on the shore of the Gulf of the Adriatic into which the river Krka flows. The coastline is heavily cut. The climate is Mediterranean subtropical. Summer is hot and dry winter is mild and humid.
The fortified settlement on the site of the modern city was built by Croats in the 9th century. Sibenik was first mentioned in the 11th century under King Petri Kresimir IV. In 1298 he was granted the status of a city. In 1412 like all of Dalmatia, the city came under the rule of Venice. In the 15-16 centuries it was constantly settled by the Turks but was never taken.

Sibenik was part of the Venetian Republic for three centuries being its western stronghold on the path of the Ottomans. The present Old Town is mostly dated from the 15th to 17th centuries when Sibenik began to flourish in the trade of salt and wine.

In the 18th century the city became part of the Habsburg empire. Under Austrian rule Sibenik was before the First World War. After that it was occupied several times by Italy until it finally became part of Croatia and Yugoslavia. It happened after the Second World War.
Notable sights
The main sights of Sibenik are located in the old town. The historical center dates back to the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The old town was formed in the 15th-17th centuries and is one of the most preserved in Croatia.

Sibenik is known for its sacred architecture. More than a dozen ancient churches are located in the Old Town.

St. Jacob's Church is a cathedral listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. It is one of the most impressive masterpieces of Christian architecture on the Dalmatian coast. The cathedral was built in 1431 and completely finished in 1536. It consists entirely of solid stone blocks and has a strict but beautiful facade.

Cathedral of St. Jacob was built by the most famous architects in Croatia. The building combines Gothic and Renaissance styles. One of the most interesting features is the exquisite frieze outside the apse with more than 70 unique individuals representing ordinary 15th-century citizens.

Church. Barbarians - a small Gothic church of the 15th century. Above the main portal in the niche is a statue of St. Nicholas work of a sculptor from Milan. There is a Gothic window on the north wall. Within the walls of the church is now a small remarkable collection of sculptures and paintings of the 14-18th centuries. The interior boasts two unique altars.

St. Francis Church is a medieval church founded in the 13th century. In the 18th century the building was rebuilt in the Baroque style. The interior is decorated with paintings and a magnificent organ of the 17th century.

Church John is one of the most beautiful churches in Sibenik. It was built in the 15th century and is a masterpiece of medieval architecture. The church is decorated with interesting reliefs at the bottom of the bell tower is a Renaissance window. In the 18th century. The bell tower was built after the Ottomans left the city in the 18th century. The dome of the bell tower was dismantled in the 19th century after the earthquake.

Church of St. Krshevana is a small 12th-century Romanesque old church that is one of the oldest in Sibenik.

The Church of Our Lady was built on the site where in the medieval times there was a cemetery and a small church of St. Cosmy and Damian. The present building dates from the 18th century.

Church and Monastery of St. Pope Francis built in the second half of the 14th century. These religious buildings are located in the southeastern part of the historic center. The church is a spacious one-storey building in the Gothic style with no architectural decorative elements. In the 15th century on the north side the chapel of St. Cross was added .

St. Michael's Fortress is the oldest defensive structure of Sibenik, located on a high rocky hill with stunning views of the medieval old town. The fort was founded more than 9 centuries ago. The oldest preserved parts date from the 13th century, but most of the preserved walls and structures date from the 15th and 16th centuries. St. Michael was the main defensive structure of the medieval city.

Fortress of St. Nicholas is at the entrance to the canal of St. Antony was built in the middle of the 16th century as a defense against the attacks of the Turks from the sea. This Venetian military style fort is one of the strongest strongholds of the Adriatic.

Fortress John is located on a hill 115 meters high in the northern part of the old town. It was built in the mid-17th century by the design of the Venetian military engineer Lenny.

The Baron Fortress was built by the citizens of Sibenik in 1646 two months before the Turks attacked.

The central square is the heart of the old city, the center of Sibenik's social and social life since the Middle Ages and the battlefield in 1378 during the siege by the Venetians. On the square there is a town hall, some interesting historical buildings and the Cathedral of St. Jacob.

The Town Hall is one of the most beautiful buildings of the Central Square (except for St. Jacob's Cathedral). It is a wonderful example of Renaissance architecture with beautiful large columns, arches and balustrades built in the mid-16th century by the famous architect Michele Sanmicheli. Also interesting is the Square of Four Wells. Wells were built in the mid-15th century to provide water to the population during numerous sieges.

Among the ancient palaces of Sibenik the most impressive are the
Duke's Palace (a medieval Gothic-style building that was the residence of a Venetian ruler) and the Bishop's Palace (a 15th-century Gothic-Renaissance building).

Ethnosel - an ethnographic complex of traditional stone houses that "tells" about the life and life of medieval Dalmatia.
How to visit
Sibenik is located between the cities of Trogir and Zadar . The closest airport is in Zadar. A good alternative is Split Airport . Sibenik is connected by bus to major cities of Croatia, Slovenia, Germany. You can also get here by train from Zagreb and Split.
The most popular purchases are: olive oil, figs, wine, traditional orange-black cap, coral products and sponges. At the end of September, there is a medieval festival where you can buy various souvenirs related to this historical period. Dalmare Shopping Center is located in the southern part of the city on the way to Split.
Food and drinks
Dalmatian cuisine is a blend of Croatian cuisine with a strong influence of Mediterranean (Italian) cuisine. One of the most famous dishes is the steamer (vegetable pie). A great number of dishes are based on fish and seafood. Popular food is risotto, dalmatian pašticada s njokama (beef), prosciutto (ham), cevapi (fried meat sausages).
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